1990-1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 3.2. Diesel engines
+ 3.3. Removal and partition of engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Systems of start, ignition
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension brackets, steering
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
- 14. Good advice
14.1.1. Changed numbers
14.1.2. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
14.2. Durability of the car
14.3. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.4. Preparation of the car for winter
14.5. It is not got – good advice
14.6. From change of places "composed" changes nothing?
14.7. Visit to car-care center
+ 14.8. Engine
+ 14.9. Conditioner
+ 14.11. Rub in one – or how to save the catalyst
- 14.12. Accumulator
14.12.2. As it is correct to choose the accumulator
14.12.3. "Empire" loading
14.12.4. Protect the accumulator!
14.15. "Machine gun"
+ 14.16. Brake system
+ 14.17. Wheels and tires
The more cold on the street – the more than problems at drivers. One of the main – as on a frost to start the engine. And here the accumulator first of all makes itself felt. On it in a frost the greatest loading falls: start of the engine demands much more big efforts. That the starter turned the crankshaft of the cold engine, the storage battery needs to give much more energy. Thus do not forget that restoration of operability of the accumulator occurs not instantly, and after a while: the electrolit which have thickened on cold slowly gets in plates. For this reason repeated attempt of start of the engine recommend to make only in some minutes. Besides on a frost the battery at work of a starter is discharged very quickly.
Some drivers, trying to start up the "frozen" engine, continuously twist a starter over and over again. As a result of this violence the accumulator very quickly "сдыхает" – finally and irrevocably: battery plates, without maintaining excessive loadings, start to be jarred on and showered.
Probably, there is no need to say about need of regular care of the accumulator, that is necessary not less often than once a week to check electrolit level in banks and if necessary to add the distilled water. If the accumulator unattended – cares is less. But all the same it is necessary to give attention – periodically it is necessary to check a tension of a driving belt, and at the first signs of decrease in capacity the accumulator is necessary for recharging.
And now it will be a question of how quicker and least without serious consequences for the accumulator to start up the engine on a frost.
At first – obvious. In due time replace oil with the winter. Better – on import, for ours (including packed up) quite often has unpleasant feature to turn on a frost into kissel or at all to freeze. How such oil will grease engine details, with it it is necessary to the accumulator very hardly and its days will be found.
The second – candles. For the winter it is better to establish the new. But it is the theory, and in practice such factors, as "ekonomnost" or lack of it in due time near at hand often come into force. For, while the engine is started up normally, many at all do not remember that in the engine there are candles... If candles nevertheless old – establish in them a necessary gap which constantly increases because of an obgoraniye of electrodes. It is better to make it in good time, differently it is necessary to be picked when it is necessary to go. As a last resort, if the engine is not started up, it is possible to establish a gap less recommended, but in this case electrodes will burn even quicker.
In hard frosts before including a starter, "warm up" the accumulator – include for few minutes a driving beam. Also do not try to get the engine at once. At first several short inclusions of a starter drive pistons in cylinders slightly to disperse the thickened oil. And after it try to start it. If the engine was not started from the first attempt, do not switch off at once a starter. The most optimum mode of start-up of the engine – a series of 10-15 second attempts with three-minute breaks.