+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 3.2. Diesel engines
+ 3.3. Removal and partition of engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Systems of start, ignition
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension brackets, steering
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
- 14. Good advice
14.1.1. Changed numbers
14.1.2. Purchase of the old car or mysterious set of figures and letters
14.2. Durability of the car
14.3. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.4. Preparation of the car for winter
14.5. It is not got – good advice
14.6. From change of places "composed" changes nothing?
14.7. Visit to car-care center
+ 14.8. Engine
+ 14.9. Conditioner
+ 14.11. Rub in one – or how to save the catalyst
+ 14.12. Accumulator
14.15. "Machine gun"
+ 14.16. Brake system
+ 14.17. Wheels and tires
Speak, cars as people. The known share of justice in this comparison is. "Life" of generators, for example not so differs from the human. One units work and reach mature age, others suffer from an uncountable set of malfunctions. Some reliably serve some years, and then pulled hard "diseases" lead up them to a stop. Duration of existence of others does not overstep the bounds of youth.
Despite it, большинтво generators it is possible to return to life. Capitally repaired, restored, updated – call somehow – the generator – the phenomenon quite usual. There are two ways by means of which he can be born" anew.
The first – when the old knot is cleared by vapor jets or simply washed out, and then painted outside and is on sale as restored, is frequent with "guarantee" of the replacement in most cases expressed by the phrase: "If it does not work, bring it back". Whether there is such generator out of operation in a month or later – it is not known.
The second way is to buy really restored unit. They differ high quality as were exposed to complete dismantling, are cleaned, checked, and faulty and raising doubts of their part are replaced.
The generators restored industrially, pass in many respects similar process of restoration, and such small parts as brushes, contact rings and bearings are replaced without fail. The knot repaired at plant, is good, as new and at the same guarantees has the service life close to period of operation of the new unit.
In the latter case generators are put on trial on the maximum loading and capacity. You receive that, for what pay. The recoloured generators usually are much cheaper, than qualitatively touched knots. You, of course, can get a repair kit but if the case of your generator is faulty, a choice at you does not remain.
By the way of generator replacement
The application and replacement tables issued by producers, are usually exact, but some firms establish on the cars generators of various brands and the sizes. Even if old and new generators are at first sight identical, surely check electric sockets, the maximum current of loading, adjusting arms, fastening of pulleys and distance from the installation plane to a pulley – to be convinced that the pulley of the generator will be in one plane with pulleys on cranked to a shaft and the water pump.
Sometimes, in spite of the fact that the knot looks a little differently, its operation is possible. Despite an "origin" difference, generators have an identical maximum current of loading more often and are made so that all points of fastening and connection are in the same places.
The pulley, shponka and nut can not enter into a repair kit. Then they are rearranged from old knot on the new.
It is necessary to find out also that caused failure of the generator. If the reason external, the established spare parts can fail with the same success. Today it will be a question of most often meeting malfunctions of generators.
Besides unit replacement, there are other solutions of problems about which it is told above. For example, many replace generators at bad contact of brushes though it is possible to eliminate this malfunction with simple cleaning.
Way the first – to clear brushes independently and free. Even if you will need spare parts, this option will appear the cheapest. It not such difficult to what it seems at first sight. If at you it will turn out nothing, in the worst, than earlier, situation you will not appear.
The way of the second – to address for check and repair of the faulty generator to the expert. It is difficult to predict, in what repair cost will manage. It depends on nature of the malfunction, necessary spare parts and their cost. In any case your expenses will make about a half of cost of the unit restored industrially, but it is less than a half of cost of the new generator – the economy will be considerable.
However in each of these situations it is necessary to take into consideration age of the generator, and also economic feasibility of replacement of one or two details (brushes or contact rings) if others shortly, possibly, fail. Replacement of details is more preferable to non-standard or expensive generators, but it is meaningful to replace the most widespread models entirely.