1990-1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
- 3.2. Diesel engines
+ 18.104.22.168. Technical characteristics
- 3.2.2. 5-cylinder engines
22.214.171.124. Technical characteristics
126.96.36.199. Sinkhronizatsionnye of a gazoraspredeleniye label
188.8.131.52. Compression check
184.108.40.206. Gas-distributing belt
220.127.116.11. Driving belt of the fuel pump
18.104.22.168. Natyazhitel of a gas-distributing belt and asterisk
22.214.171.124. Additional driving belt
126.96.36.199. Camshaft cover
188.8.131.52. Camshaft epiploons
184.108.40.206. Epiploons of a cranked shaft
220.127.116.11. Head of cylinders
18.104.22.168. Hydraulic pushers
22.214.171.124. Engine fastenings
126.96.36.199. Oil pallet
188.8.131.52. Oil pump and maslozaborny branch pipe
+ 3.3. Removal and partition of engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. Exhaust system
+ 8. Systems of start, ignition
+ 9. Transmission
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Suspension brackets, steering
+ 12. Body
+ 13. Electric equipment
+ 14. Good advice
If the engine works badly or with interruptions, inspect a compression. Regular carrying out this check will allow you to prevent emergence of malfunctions in advance.
For carrying out check the tester intended for diesel engines is required. Connect a tester to an adapter and twist an adapter in an opening of a candle of heating or in an injector opening.
The engine should be warmed up, the accumulator is charged, candles and injectors are unscrewed, wires of the locking valve and the fuel block are disconnected.
Pressure in all cylinders should be identical. The difference more than in 0,5 bar between any two cylinders means malfunction. In the serviceable engine pressure should accrue quickly. The small pressure of the first step which is gradually raising at the subsequent steps, specifies that piston rings are worn-out. Small pressure of the first step which does not accrue at the subsequent steps, indicates leak in valves or on the punched laying of a head. Deposits on the lower parts of valves can become the reason of a low compression also. Low pressure in two next cylinders practically always means that between them head laying is punched.
If at carrying out check you have difficulties, address to experts.